The result has been increased environmental impacts which have severely compromised the sustainability of the country. These impacts have recently received considerable public and government attention, leading to more stringent environmental laws and sector-specific regulations, which translate environmental impacts into material financial risks for Chinese businesses. In turn, Chinese financial institutions are exposed to these risks through their investment and lending activities.
To help Chinese financial institutions manage their exposures to environmental impacts, Trucost has developed a model quantifying natural capital costs within 35 business sectors in China, selected in collaboration with project partner the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China. This model covers six major environmental key performance indicators, and is able to quantify environmental impacts in monetary terms. This model attributes these natural capital costs to the portfolios of the financial institutions through their equity or loan exposures to these sectors.